An article based on a report to the 2nd Congress of scientists of the Republic of Belarus. It considers the issues of national eHealth and briefly reviews the market of information technologies for healthcare, the role of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus in the informatization of healthcare, and the economic and social aspects of informatization. The article the reviews the current state of eHealth of Belarus and perspectives for development of the sector, aiming to provide a common information area for healthcare by creating a centralised health information system that would implement the integration approach based on international standards HL7 FHIR, DICOM and others.